Scientists have been measuring Heat Islands for years and, as cities grow, so do the Urban Heat Islands. As Heat Islands grow so does energy consumption (more electricity to cool things down) which increases emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases from power plants. The increased heat also causes the quality of water to become impaired as hot rooftops and pavement shed their water into the drainage system and out into streams, ponds and other bodies of water, causing rapid fluctuations of temperatures which is stressful to the aquatic ecosystem.
There is a also general discomfort for humans with higher air pollutants and higher temperatures.
The EPA sites four main ways that helps counteract Urban Heat Islands:
- Increasing tree and vegetative cover
- Creating "green" roofs (rooftop gardens or "eco-roofs")
- Installing cool roofs
- Using cool pavements
High performance fluid-applied roofing systems designed and applied by a certified professional roofing contractor are proven to reflect up to 85% of the sun's rays, reducing the temperature by nearly 60 degrees than that of traditional black roofs. Washington Roofing & Insulation uses only the highest quality of material that is ENERGY STAR, LEED, CRRC, Miami-Dade County approved and / or certified.
Source: EPA Website: What is an Urban Heat Island